1919: The Year of Race Riots and Revolts
by Jamie Baker
May 22, 2020 7:00 am
June 1919 was a time when white mobs attacked Black people and their families in Port Cities across Britain, our central focus are the events in Wales but to tell that story and to understand why upon their return home ex-serviceman led these brutal attacks and the Government did nothing to stop them, we will be looking at the events across the world in 1919. This was the year when the British Empire truly collapsed, the Government thought it would loose control to a Bolshevik uprising, Black people across America were attacked and lynched by the mob and America enshrined into its ideology a position on Communism (or as it say it Bolshevism).To tell that story we will journey across the world looking at events from the Glasgow general strike to the Amritsar Massacre in the Indian Punjab, the student uprisings in China, Bolshevik revolts across Europe to massacres in South African mines. 1919 changed the face of the world and the Allies that won World War One were afraid but was that the reason they allowed Black people to be attacked and murdered, and did that shape Government policies towards them ever since.We will tell that story, interviewing experts, affected families and discussing documents now released by Government.We want people to contact us to help us tell their stories. World affairs are always political but we will try to be neutral in relation to political and religious positions, that is only fair as our project is funded by Heritage Lottery here in Wales. This podcast is supported by our YouTube channel 1919 Race Riots The Year of Revolt https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbUThGBjQ8JsKtDCx85iWYA
Ivor Gabriel Landsman was sent to prison for fighting to defend Butetown in Cardiff against the white mob. He was unusual, he was a Black man born in Butetown in 1899, a forerunner of the many who were to follow. He fought in World War 1. being invalided out in December 1917 at the age of 19.
He came home to Wales and after losing his mother in 1918, in 1919 at the age of 20 he stood his ground and defended his Butetown against the white mob who attacked it, shooting at three white members of the mob. For that he received three years in prison.
He represents much that is unusual and too be respected in the new Welsh, the Black people that came from all over the British Empire to settle in the Docks towns, to marry, create families with white women.
His father was from the tiny Dutch West Indies of Sint Eustatius, and it is unlikely he knew his Caribbean family. He was unusual, born into Wales and like those that followed he fought to be a citizen, to make a life, to be Welsh.
He represents much that is distinct about Black Welsh people, seeing themselves so clearly as Welsh first.
Chapter 25 Ivor Gabriel Landsman: A Black Welshman The Victim of the 1919 Race Riots2 weeks ago
Chapter 24 The Wales Race Riots In 1919 and the Institutionlisation of racism3 months ago
Chapter 23 Bolshevism The Thing the British Government Feared4 months ago
CHAPTER 22 INDIA : THE BEGINNING OF THE COLLAPSE OF EMPIRE4 months ago
Chapter 21 Black Americans After World War One4 months ago
Chapter 20 The Red Summer of 1919 Race Riots & Brutality Across America5 months ago
Chapter 19 The Omaha Race Riots The Lynching of Will Brown5 months ago
Chapter 18 The Elaine Massacre Part Two (Credit Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation)5 months ago
Chapter 17 The Massacre in Elaine, Arkansas in October 1919 (Winthrop Rockefeller Foundation)5 months ago
Cardiff Race Riots. Part Two. Chapter 16 Black Men in Court5 months ago